Wrong P1 reading

I’m not checking every day my measurements. It’s pure for logging and sending data to my Home Assistant. Yet a few days ago I saw only one bar in the graph: an usage of 22774.693m3 (?!?!) That’s a reading for one day…

So I decided to investigate what was the reason for this huge peak. 22774m3 costs about € 16.000,- This obviously is a misreading, as I use less then 1000m3 a year.

Exploring the database

The application p1mon (short for P1 monitor) is running on a dedicated Raspberry Pi 3b+ and is using sqlite as database. It’s located in a root folder “p1mon”. It’s designed to run the databases in the memory to safe the SD-card from multiple writes. So let’s find the databases.

p1mon@p1mon:/ $ cat /etc/fstab 
proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
PARTUUID=e08a2680-01 /boot vfat defaults 0 2
PARTUUID=e08a2680-02 / ext4 defaults,noatime 0 1
tmpfs /p1mon/mnt/ramdisk tmpfs defaults,noatime,nosuid,mode=0777,size=85m 0 0
tmpfs /var/log/nginx tmpfs defaults,noatime,nosuid,mode=0775,size=20m 0 0
tmpfs /var/log/samba tmpfs defaults,noatime,nosuid,mode=0775,size=2m 0
a swapfile is not a swap partition, no line here
use dphys-swapfile swap[on|off] for that
p1mon@p1mon:/ $ ls /p1mon/mnt/ramdisk/
p1mon@p1mon:/ $

Databases found

So the databases are in the memory/ramdisk of the Raspberry Pi. For now there is only 3 databases needed: e_historie.db, e_serial.db & financieel.db
e_historie.db: this database holds all the usage historie
e_serial.db: this database holds the reading for the last period
financial.db: this database has all the financial records

First database: e_serial.db

When looking into the e_serial.db database, I saw records from the last ~48 hours. So for me there was no need to modify this database (as for me the date was 11th May):

$ sqlite3 /p1mon/mnt/ramdisk/e_serial.db 
SQLite version 3.16.2 2017-01-06 16:32:41
Enter ".help" for usage hints.
sqlite> .tables
sqlite> select * from e_serial limit 10;
2019-05-24 07:34:05|1|2445.722|2098.403|1.545|0.0|D|0.289|0.0|816.294
2019-05-24 07:34:14|1|2445.722|2098.403|1.545|0.0|D|0.294|0.0|816.294
2019-05-24 07:34:23|1|2445.723|2098.403|1.545|0.0|D|0.289|0.0|816.294
2019-05-24 07:34:32|1|2445.724|2098.403|1.545|0.0|D|0.3|0.0|816.294
2019-05-24 07:34:42|1|2445.725|2098.403|1.545|0.0|D|0.288|0.0|816.294
2019-05-24 07:34:52|1|2445.725|2098.403|1.545|0.0|D|0.293|0.0|816.294
2019-05-24 07:35:01|1|2445.726|2098.403|1.545|0.0|D|0.299|0.0|816.294
2019-05-24 07:35:10|1|2445.727|2098.403|1.545|0.0|D|0.293|0.0|816.294
2019-05-24 07:35:19|1|2445.728|2098.403|1.545|0.0|D|0.294|0.0|816.294
2019-05-24 07:35:28|1|2445.728|2098.403|1.545|0.0|D|0.293|0.0|816.294

Second database: e_historie.db

When exploring the second database, I saw this was more ‘complex’. There where several tables within the database:

$ sqlite3 /p1mon/mnt/ramdisk/e_historie.db 
SQLite version 3.16.2 2017-01-06 16:32:41
Enter ".help" for usage hints.
sqlite> .tables
e_history_dag e_history_maand e_history_uur
e_history_jaar e_history_min

I knew I had to find the false readings and change them. There’s a table for minute, hour, day, month and year. First start with the _min database finding the wrong readings:

sqlite> .headers on
sqlite> select * from e_history_min where timestamp like '2019-05-11%' or timestamp like '2019-05-12%';

2019-05-11 23:51:00|2382.726|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.00700000000051659|0.0|D|0.415|0.0|804.49
2019-05-11 23:52:00|2382.732|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.00599999999940337|0.0|D|0.4145|0.0|804.49
2019-05-11 23:53:00|2382.74|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.00799999999981083|0.0|D|0.414714285714286|0.0|804.49
2019-05-11 23:54:00|2382.746|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.00600000000031287|0.0|D|0.326|0.0|804.49
2019-05-11 23:55:00|2382.75|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.00399999999990541|0.0|D|0.285333333333333|0.0|23578.59
2019-05-11 23:56:00|2382.755|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.00500000000010914|0.0|D|0.291|0.0|23578.59
2019-05-11 23:57:00|2382.76|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.00500000000010914|0.0|D|0.289833333333333|0.0|23578.59
2019-05-11 23:58:00|2382.764|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.00399999999990541|0.0|D|0.2855|0.0|23578.59
2019-05-11 23:59:00|2382.77|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.00600000000031287|0.0|D|0.288714285714286|0.0|23578.59
2019-05-12 00:00:00|2382.774|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.00399999999899592|0.0|D|0.291166666666667|0.0|23578.59
2019-05-12 00:00:00|2382.774|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.00399999999899592|0.0|D|0.291166666666667|0.0|804.49
2019-05-12 00:01:00|2382.779|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.00500000000101863|0.0|D|0.290571428571429|0.0|804.49
2019-05-12 00:02:00|2382.784|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.00499999999919964|0.0|D|0.288833333333333|0.0|804.49
2019-05-12 00:03:00|2382.788|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.00400000000081491|0.0|D|0.290833333333333|0.0|804.49
2019-05-12 00:04:00|2382.794|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.00599999999940337|0.0|D|0.342857142857143|0.0|804.49


Bingo! 6 wrong readings (last field, VERBR_GAS_2421) found at 2019-05-11 23:55 ~ 2019-05-12 00:00. It shows that the reading was 23578.59 instead of 804.49. This should be 804.49 as it is incremental (see readings after 2019-05-12 00:00:00). So let’s change that:

sqlite> update e_history_min set VERBR_GAS_2421 = 804.49 where VERBR_GAS_2421 = 23578.59;

Next table is the _uur (hour). Let’s see the readings:

sqlite> select * from e_history_uur where timestamp like '2019-05-11%' or timestamp like '2019-05-12%';

2019-05-11 17:00:00|2380.16|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.158999999999651|0.0|D|804.33|0.0
2019-05-11 18:00:00|2380.418|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.257999999999811|0.0|D|804.33|0.0
2019-05-11 19:00:00|2380.595|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.17699999999968|0.0|D|804.44|0.11
2019-05-11 20:00:00|2381.434|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.839000000000851|0.0|D|804.49|0.05
2019-05-11 21:00:00|2381.848|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.41399999999976|0.0|D|804.49|0.0
2019-05-11 22:00:00|2382.357|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.509000000000015|0.0|D|804.49|0.0
2019-05-11 23:00:00|2382.77|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.413000000000466|0.0|D|23578.59|22774.1 (0.0)
2019-05-12 00:00:00|2383.26|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.489999999999782|0.0|D|804.49|22774.1 (0.0)
2019-05-12 01:00:00|2383.991|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.730999999999767|0.0|D|804.49|0.0
2019-05-12 02:00:00|2384.188|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.197000000000116|0.0|D|804.49|0.0
2019-05-12 03:00:00|2384.349|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.161000000000058|0.0|D|804.49|0.0
2019-05-12 04:00:00|2384.606|2036.366|1.545|0.0|0.256999999999607|0.0|D|804.49|0.0


Here there are two wrong readings at 2019-05-11 23:00:00 and 2019-05-12 00:00:00 at the last two fields (VERBR_GAS_2421 and VERBR_GAS_X). The last field is the usage of that hour and the other field is the meter reading of that hour. As the reading after is the same as before (804.49) there is no gas used. Updating these records is simple:

sqlite> update e_history_uur set VERBR_GAS_2421 = 804.49 where TIMESTAMP = '2019-05-11 23:00:00';
sqlite> update e_history_uur set VERBR_GAS_X = 0.0 where TIMESTAMP = '2019-05-11 23:00:00';
sqlite> update e_history_uur set VERBR_GAS_X = 0.0 where TIMESTAMP = '2019-05-12 00:00:00';

The _dag (day) table; Let’s read it out:

sqlite> select * from e_history_dag where TIMESTAMP like '2019-05-1%';
2019-05-10 00:00:00|2376.275|2036.366|1.545|0.0|10.6689999999999|0.0|803.897|1.17600000000004
2019-05-11 00:00:00|2382.77|2036.366|1.545|0.0|6.49500000000081|0.0|23578.59|22774.693
2019-05-12 00:00:00|2389.324|2036.366|1.545|0.0|6.55400000000009|0.0|805.069|0.0
2019-05-13 00:00:00|2391.049|2046.827|1.545|0.0|12.1859999999997|0.0|806.189|1.12
2019-05-14 00:00:00|2392.692|2052.946|1.545|0.0|7.76199999999972|0.0|807.037|0.84800000000007
2019-05-15 00:00:00|2394.358|2063.535|1.545|0.0|12.2550000000001|0.0|807.482|0.444999999999936
2019-05-16 00:00:00|2396.001|2068.52|1.545|0.0|6.62800000000061|0.0|808.147|0.665000000000077
2019-05-17 00:00:00|2398.266|2074.308|1.545|0.0|8.05299999999988|0.0|809.081|0.933999999999969
2019-05-18 00:00:00|2405.046|2074.308|1.545|0.0|6.77999999999884|0.0|809.952|0.870999999999981
2019-05-19 00:00:00|2420.953|2074.308|1.545|0.0|15.9070000000011|0.0|810.887|0.934999999999945

Shown is that the reading for the 11th is way too high and for the 12th too low (0.0). Those two days can easily be fixed with a summary of all readings of that day:

sqlite> select sum(VERBR_GAS_X) from e_history_uur where TIMESTAMP like '2019-05-11%';
sqlite> select sum(VERBR_GAS_X) from e_history_uur where TIMESTAMP like '2019-05-12%';
sqlite> update e_history_dag set VERBR_GAS_2421 = 804.49 where TIMESTAMP = '2019-05-11 00:00:00';
sqlite> update e_history_dag set VERBR_GAS_X = 0.593 where TIMESTAMP = '2019-05-11 00:00:00';
sqlite> update e_history_dag set VERBR_GAS_X = 0.579 where TIMESTAMP = '2019-05-12 00:00:00';

The last two tables, _maand (month) and _jaar (year), are still being updated as the month is still May and more readings are to come. These two tables are updated the same way as the _dag table: summary:

sqlite> select sum(VERBR_GAS_X) from e_history_dag where TIMESTAMP like '2019-05%';
sqlite> update e_history_maand set VERBR_GAS_X = 26.775 where TIMESTAMP = '2019-05-01 00:00:00';
sqlite> select sum(VERBR_GAS_X) from e_history_maand where TIMESTAMP like '2019%';
sqlite> update e_history_jaar set VERBR_GAS_X = 417.627 where TIMESTAMP = '2019-01-01 00:00:00';

Third database: financial.db

The 3rd and last database is way easier then the previous one, as all readings are now known. The database contains 3 tables:
e_financieel_dag: all financial data per day
e_financieel_maand: all financial data per month
e_financieel_jaar: all financial data per year
This is what’s in the database now, and should be changed:

sqlite3 financieel.db 
SQLite version 3.27.2 2019-02-25 16:06:06
Enter ".help" for usage hints.
sqlite> .headers on
sqlite> .tables
e_financieel_dag e_financieel_jaar e_financieel_maand
sqlite> select * from e_financieel_dag where timestamp like '2019-05-11 00:00:00' or timestamp like '2019-05-12 00:00:00';
2019-05-11 00:00:00|0.0|1.38103185000017|0.0|0.0|16196.3675943803
2019-05-12 00:00:00|0.0|1.39357702000002|0.0|0.0|0.600161290322581
sqlite> select * from e_financieel_maand where timestamp like '2019-05-01 00:00:00';
2019-05-01 00:00:00|27.4448767000007|23.7816023499989|0.0|0.0|16228.9785267381
sqlite> select * from e_financieel_jaar where timestamp like '2019-01-01 00:00:00';
2019-01-01 00:00:00|155.341987940001|172.037019329998|0.0|0.0|16579.8112669474

Updating the daily table is quit tricky, as I have to recalculate how much it has cost me. One m3 gas costs about € 0,71113. Besides that, there is also a monthly charge which is € 18,605. Calculating the daily cost is the daily consumption * 0.71113 + 18.605/31.
For May 11th that is: 0.593 * 0.71113 + 18.605 / 31 is € 1.02170009
For May 12th that is: 0.579 * 0.71113 + 18.605 / 31 – € 1.01174427
(Of course there are some rounding errors, I’ll take that for granted and have a readable graph).

sqlite> select VERBR_GAS_X from e_history_dag where TIMESTAMP is '2019-05-11 00:00:00';
0.593 (0.593 * 0.71113 + 0.6 = 1.02170009)
sqlite> select VERBR_GAS_X from e_history_dag where TIMESTAMP is '2019-05-12 00:00:00';
0.579 (0.579 * 0.71113 + 0.6 = 1.01174427)
sqlite> update e_financieel_dag set GELVR_GAS = 1.02170009 where TIMESTAMP = '2019-05-11 00:00:00';
sqlite> update e_financieel_dag set GELVR_GAS = 1.01174427 where TIMESTAMP = '2019-05-12 00:00:00';

The last two tables (_maand and _jaar) are easily updated by using the summary function again:

Monthly table:
sqlite> select sum(GELVR_GAS) from e_financieel_dag where timestamp like '2019-05%';
sqlite> update e_financieel_maand set GELVR_GAS = 34.977896687742 where timestamp = '2019-05-01 00:00:00';

Yearly table:
sqlite> select sum(GELVR_GAS) from e_financieel_dag where timestamp like '2019%';
sqlite> update e_financieel_jaar set GELVR_GAS = 385.810636897097 where timestamp = '2019-01-01 00:00:00';

Well, that was a lot of database hacking… did it worked?

After changing the readings and recalculating all the minutely, hourly, daily, monthly and yearly values, the graph is readable again. Instead of this:

Now it’s more readable like this:


P1 monitor is free to use and can be downloaded at https://ztatz.nl/. Monthly there will be a new release with either new features or bug fixes. Their support is great. They help you where they can. Of course I had to figure out how to fix this reading. Yet that was due to some wrong reading given by the meter and not due to the software. On their forum they helped me by pointing out by pointing out how the application works, and how to edit the database. My knowledge of SQL is more than average and that came quit handy now.

If you consider to use this application and like it like I do, than please consider for a small donation via PayPal for all their hard work:


  1. Peter

    Bedankt, ik had eenzelfde soort fout in de ‘uur’ db, heb ik nu kunnen verhelpen met behulp van deze goede uitleg.

      1. Peter

        Het is wel gebeurd tijdens wat her-configuratie, dus human error kan ik niet helemaal uitsluiten.. 🙂

        1. Marcel

          Maar p1mon leest je P1 meter uit, daar heb je geen invloed op, behalve wat je daadwerkelijk verbruikt 😉 Bij mij stonden er 6 extreem hoge waardes tussen, en daarna weer de normale 😉

          1. Peter

            Ik heb sinds vanmorgen om 06:00u weer zo’n stomme piek erin, zodra ik hem update is het 10 seconden goed en daarna staan de waardes weer verkeerd.. hoe kan dit nu weer.
            De afwijking is alleen te zien in de tabel ‘uur’, en dan kolom VERBR_GAS_X (deze laat zich veranderen en ‘reset’ hij weer naar de hoge waarde..
            2019-05-30 06:00:00|3126.15|2516.895|0.729|0.0|0.173000000000684|0.0|D|2078.791|2078.791
            Enig idee?

          2. Marcel

            Heb je de _min ook bekeken? Als daar ook verkeerde waardes in staan, heb je kans dat de _uur automatisch wordt geüpdate.

            Ik heb echt bottom-up gewerkt. Eerst de min rechtzetten, daarna uur, dag, maand, jaar.

            Ik heb eerst alle queries in een kladblok gezet en daarna stuk voor stuk uitgevoerd.

            Ook lees ik dat jij de huidige dag wil aanpassen. De huidige dag word continu ge-update. Wacht even totdat het juni is. Dan kan je daarna op je gemak de maand mei updaten. Wel kan je de _min updaten, daar komen alleen records bij.

  2. Peter

    Hoi, inderdaad zit de fout ook in _min, ik had die niet gezien, gezien de hoeveelheid data.
    Ik heb de file even in een SQLite DB browser gezet, zoekt wat makkelijker en daar staan inderdaad 4 records met 4x 0.0, helemaal aan het eind van het 06u (6:56-6:59) , was teveel gefocust op 06:00, maar dat kan natuurlijk elke minuut binnen dat uur zijn.

    Anyway, alles gelukt nu, thanx!

  3. SecBro

    Mooi werk, leuk om te zien dat iemand de moeite neemt om te helpen. Wat betreft de foute meldingen we doen er alles aan om alleen de juiste waarden te verwerken maar als een telegram corrupt raakt maar het lijkt op een goede waarde dan wordt deze helaas toch verwerkt.

    1. Marcel

      Bedankt voor je reactie! Maar dat is precies waar het om gaat. Als een ieder dit soort probleempjes kan beschrijven hoe je het oplost, help je elkaar, en zelf zal ik ook wel eens hulp nodig hebben 😉

  4. Andy

    Hoi Marcel,

    Ik lees dat jij naast de P1 Monitor gegeven inleest in je Home Assistant omgeving.
    Nu wil ik dat ook maar heb dus de raspberry in meterkast hangen met P1 Monitor en het systeem
    wat HA draait staat op zolder.

    Op welke manier kan ik de gegevens in HA inlezen van P1 Monitor ? Doe je dit met de DSMR component ?

    Alvast bedankt.

    1. Marcel

      Hey Andy, ik heb in home assistant daar gewoon sensoren voor aangemaakt:

      platform: rest
      resource: http://mijn.ip.adres/api/v1/smartmeter?limit=1&json=object&round=off
      name: Gas verbruik
      value_template: '{{ value_json.0.CONSUMPTION_GAS_M3 }}'
      unit_of_measurement: "m³"

      platform: rest
      resource: http://mijn.ip.adres/api/v1/smartmeter?limit=1&json=object&round=on
      name: Huidig verbruik
      value_template: '{{ value_json.0.CONSUMPTION_W }}'
      unit_of_measurement: "W"

      platform: rest
      resource: http://mijn.ip.adres/api/v1/smartmeter?limit=1&json=object&round=off
      name: Meterstand hoog
      value_template: '{{ value_json.0.CONSUMPTION_KWH_HIGH | round(2) }}'
      unit_of_measurement: "kWh"

      platform: rest
      resource: http://mijn.ip.adres/api/v1/smartmeter?limit=1&json=object&round=off
      name: Meterstand laag
      value_template: '{{ value_json.0.CONSUMPTION_KWH_LOW | round(2) }}'
      unit_of_measurement: "kWh"

  5. vjmaz

    Hi my name is Maz from Australia can you please email me I can not find any contact details at all
    I want to purchase many of your products that work with Home Assistant Please ..
    I was trying to get a hold of Marcel Z but no luck

    I’m interested in the following
    Energy Meter ( DSMR component for ESPHome ) Connect using a P1 port ( SlimmeLezer )


    GAS Meter i think uses Connect using a P1 port also ( SlimmeLezer )

    Thank you regards Maz

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